Lev Landau, Russian physicist who won Nobel Prize for mathematical theory of superfluidity
Google Doodle celebrates 111th birth Anniversary of Lev Landau with a doodle.
Lev Davidovich Landau received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his development of a mathematical theory of superfluidity that accounts for the properties of liquid helium II at a temperature below 2.17 K in the year 1962.
Landau was born on 22 January 1908 in Baku, Azerbaijan. Landau’s father was an engineer with the local oil industry and his mother was a doctor. In 1922, at age 14, he matriculated at the Baku State University, studying in two departments simultaneously: the Departments of Physics and Mathematics, and the Department of Chemistry. In 1937, Landau married Kora T. Drobanzeva from Kharkiv.
In 1924, Landau moved to the main centre of Soviet physics, the Physics Department of Leningrad State University, and dedicated himself to the study of theoretical physics, graduating. Between 1932 and 1937, Landau headed the Department of Theoretical Physics at the National Scientific Center Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology. In 1932, Landau computed the Chandrashekhar limit, however, he did not apply it to white dwarf stars.
Landau died on 1 April 1968, aged 60, and was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.